To be honest it does not cover painting the piece. Most of us, though, will never encounter a craftsman made piece that is several hundred years old. The question is whether to let a very nice piece of furniture continue to rot away in a barn, or whether to turn it into something someone would want. This chair was painted with Rustoleum Chalked Paint in Linen. I replaced the cane with upholstery webbing, and foam. I wanted this to be a statement type piece. I used handwoven linen European grain sack fabric, 60 to 100 years old upholster it with. I made double welted piping to trim the seat but used a different type of trim for the seat back, because the double welt was too bulky. I feel like this lovely old Barley Twist chair has a crisp, clean, pretty new look.